Which of the following statements is true?
- When compared to the typical American diet in 1987-1988, today’s Americans consume more total calories.
- Today, Americans eat more whole eggs than they consumed in 1970.
- In the United States, the adult population consumes more red meat than they ate in 1970.
- Americans consume more fluid milk than they consumed in 1970.
When compared to the typical American diet in 1987-1988, today’s Americans consume more total calories.
According to data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the statement that today’s Americans consume more total calories compared to the typical American diet in 1987-1988 is true (USDA, 2020). Over the past few decades, there has been a significant increase in the average daily caloric intake of Americans.
In contrast, consumption of whole eggs, red meat, and fluid milk has decreased since the 1970s (USDA, 2020). This is due to a variety of factors including changes in dietary guidelines, shifts in consumer preferences towards plant-based proteins and non-dairy milk alternatives, and increased consciousness about the health implications of excessive red meat and cholesterol intake.
However, it’s important to note that while the average caloric intake has increased, this doesn’t necessarily equate to a healthier diet. The quality of calories consumed and the balance of macronutrients are also critical factors in the overall healthfulness of a diet.
U.S. Department of Agriculture. (2020). Dietary Assessment of Major Trends in U.S. Food Consumption, 1970-2005. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/48974/48787_eib33_reportsummary.pdf?v=0